Karl Friedrich Bamberger 1798-1870
Bamberger was born at Reichmansdorf, near Bamberg, in 1798; and died in Berlin in 1870. Entering first upon a business life, he later studied at Heidelberg (coming under the influence of Creuzer and Hegel), Munich (where he became a Lutheran), and Göttingen. It is presumably at this time that, as was customary, he took a new name: Neumann, (new man), to express his new birth.
Neumann became professor in the gymnasium at Speyer in 1822, but in 1825 was removed for certain religious utterances, after which he lived in private in Munich until 1827. Neumann then studied Armenian at the Convent of San Lazaro in Venice; visited Paris and London for the purpose of studying Oriental languages, chiefly Chinese; and in 1830 went to China, where he collected 10,000 Chinese books, purchasing over 2,400 volumes for the Royal Library at Berlin. On his return he presented his own collection to the Bavarian government, which in 1832 appointed him conservator of the collection and professor of Chinese in the Munich University.
Though he had won distinction as an Orientalist he was nevertheless removed in 1852 for expressing too progressive opinions and for being active in the revolution of 1847-1848 (he had been elected a member of the Bavarian provisional parliament). In 1863 he took up his residence in Berlin.
based on: The Jewish Encyclopedia on-line 1911
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographia
The Universal Cyclopedia
Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung 1870, Supplement, nos. 111 and 112